Basic Concepts of Montessori Pedagogy
1. The small child is a lover of work-spontaneously chosen and carried with profound joy.
2. The child needs to learn by doing. At each stage in a child’s mental growth, corresponding physical occupations are provided by means of which they develop and refine their movements.
3. Based on a profound respect for the children’s personality, there is room to grow in biological independence. The child is allowed a large measure of liberty (not license), which forms the basis of true self-discipline. This is a higher discipline, which originates with the children as they gain practice making their own decisions and exercising their own will. It is not a discipline, which is imposed from without and based on rewards and punishments.
4. Since the children are freed from competition and they do not work for praise or rewards, learning becomes its own true reward, and the sharing of learning naturally follows. Children help each other and learn from each other’ they do not compete against each other. This results in a positive social community within the classroom.
5. The Montessori method develops the whole personality of the child, not merely their intellectual faculties, but also their powers of deliberation, initiative, creativity and independent choice. The children are helped on both the emotional and intellectual levels to gain skills, confidence, and awareness in order that they will become the mentally, physically, and spiritually healthy and happy adults they are meant to be.