Policy Details Page

Regulation 5252R
Human Resources

Definitions: As used in this policy and regulation, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated.

A. "Improper governmental action" means any action by a District officer or employee:

1. That is undertaken in the performance of the officer or employee's official duties, whether or not the action is within the scope of the employee's employment; and 

2. That: 

a. is in violation of any federal, state or local law or rule;

b. is an abuse of authority;

c. is of substantial and specific danger to the public health or safety; or 

d. is a gross waste of public funds.

Improper governmental action does not include personnel actions as defined in RCW 42.41.020.

B. "Retaliatory action" means any adverse change in the terms and conditions of a staff member's employment, or hostile actions by one employee toward another employee that were either encouraged or tolerated by a supervisor or senior manager.

C. "Emergency" means a circumstance that if not immediately changed may cause damage to persons or property. 


Employees are encouraged to report instances which they believe constitute governmental misconduct. Employees who become of aware of actions that they believe constitute improper governmental action should raise the issue first with their supervisor or Superintendent/designee. If requested by the supervisor, the employee shall submit a written report to the supervisor or Superintendent/designee, stating in detail the basis for the employee's belief that an improper governmental action has occurred. 

Where the employee reasonably believes the improper governmental action involves his or her supervisor, the employee may raise the issue directly with the Superintendent or the person whom the Superintendent has designated to receive reports of improper governmental action.

In case of emergency where the employee believes that damage to persons or property may result if action is not taken immediately, or where the employee has a legal obligation to report (for instance, where child abuse is suspected), the employee shall report the improper governmental action directly to the appropriate government agency with responsibility for investigating the improper action.

District employees who fail to make a good faith attempt to follow this regulation in reporting improper governmental conduct shall not be eligible for the protections outlined.

Response: The employee's supervisor, the Superintendent or the Superintendent's designee shall 

take prompt action to see that the report of improper governmental action is properly investigated. 

Persons involved in the investigation shall keep the identity of reporting employees confidential to the extent possible under law, unless the employees authorize the disclosure of their identities in writing. 

After an investigation has been completed, the reporting employee shall receive a summary of the investigation results, except to the extent that resulting personnel actions must be kept confidential. If a reporting employee reasonably believes that an adequate investigation was not done by the District, that insufficient action has been taken, or that the improper governmental action is likely to recur, the employee may report information about the improper governmental action directly to the appropriate government agency.

Retaliation/Intimidation: A District official or employee may not use his/her official authority to threaten, intimidate or coerce an employee for the purpose of interfering with that employee’s right to disclose information concerning an improper governmental action. This does not, however, authorize an individual to disclose information prohibited by law. Employees who believe that they have been retaliated against for, or intimidated regarding reporting an improper governmental action should advise their supervisor, the Superintendent or the Superintendent’s designee. Appropriate action to investigate and address complaints of retaliation or intimidation shall be taken. 

If the complaint cannot be informally resolved, the employee shall provide written notice to the Superintendent that specifies the alleged of retaliation or intimidation act and the relief requested by the employee. The written complaint must be filed within thirty days of the alleged act. The District will respond to the complaint within thirty days of receiving the written notice.


Appeal Hearing 

If the employee alleging retaliation receives no response from the District or objects to the District's response, the employee may request a hearing before a state administrative law judge. The request for a hearing must be delivered in writing to the Superintendent either fifteen days following the District's response, or 45 days after the complaint was filed, if there was no response. 

The District will apply for a hearing within five working days to the state Office of Administrative Hearings. The hearing decision of the administrative law judge shall be held in compliance with RCW 34.05.410 through 34.05.598 and chapter 42.41 RCW.

The District will consider any recommendation provided by the administrative law judge that an employee found to have retaliated against an employee who reported improper governmental action be suspended with or without pay or dismissed from employment.

This appeal hearing provision does not apply to allegations found to be outside the scope of Policy 5252 and the definitions identified above.



A summary of Policy 5252 and this regulation will be permanently posted where all employees will have reasonable access to it, the policy and regulation will be made available to any employee who requests them, and the policy and regulation will be given to all new employees.  Violations of Policy 5252 and this Regulation may result in disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal.

The following is a list of agencies responsible for enforcing federal, state and local laws and investigating issues involving potential improper governmental action. Employees having questions about these agencies or the procedures for reporting improper governmental action are encouraged to contact their supervisor, the Superintendent or designee. The list is not exhaustive nor does the inclusion of an agency on the list imply that it will have the authority to review the employee’s complaint.


City of Tacoma, Fircrest, or Ruston Police Department or Pierce County Sheriff's Office

Pierce County Prosecutor's Office

Tacoma/Pierce County Health Department

Local City or County Environmental Protection Office


Washington Attorney General's Office

Fair Practices Division

2000 Bank of California Center

900 - 4th Avenue

Seattle, Washington 98164-1012



Washington Auditor's Office

Legislative Building

P. O. Box 40021

Olympia, Washington 98504-0021



Washington Department of Ecology

3190 - 160th SE

Bellevue, Washington 98008-5852



Washington Human Rights Commission

402 Evergreen Plaza Bldg., FJ-41

711 South Capitol Way

Olympia, Washington 98504-2490



Washington Department of Labor & Industries

300 West Harrison, Room 201

Seattle, Washington 



Washington Department of Natural Resources

P. O. Box 68

Enumclaw, Washington 98022



Puget Sound Water Quality Authority

P. O. Box 40900

Olympia, Washington 98504



United States Department of Education

Office of the Inspector General

915 - 2nd Avenue

Seattle, Washington 98178 

Audits: 206.220.7860

Investigations: 206.220.7876


Environmental Protection Agency

Criminal Investigations

1200 - 6th Avenue

Seattle, Washington



Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

2815 - 2nd Avenue, Suite 500

Seattle, Washington 98178



Federal Emergency Management Agency

130 -228th Street SW

Bothell, Washington



United States Department of Labor

Occupational Safety and Health

1111 - 3rd Avenue, Suite 715

Seattle, Washington 98101-3212



National Transportation Safety Board

19518 Pacific Highway South

Seattle, Washington



United States Department of Transportation

Office of Inspector General

915 - 2nd Avenue

Seattle, Washington 98178



Washington Superintendent of Public Instruction

Old Capitol Building

P. O. Box 47200

Olympia, Washington 98504-7200



Approved: 2/5/01, Revised 11/3/2015

  • 5252R
  • action
  • governmental
  • improper
  • reporting